Estimation of Serum Trace metals and Thyroid Hormones in Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism Patients
Islam M. I. MoustafaA. S. Amin, Abdul Majeed Kh. Ahmed and Dlpak SH. Saleh
In this work, the serum content of the trace elements; (Fe, Cu and Zn) and thyroid hormones (T3, T4 and TSH) in hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism patients were determined and compared to those of normal persons. The results included the statistical values of the thyroid hormones TSH, T4, T3, iron, copper and zinc in serum patients and healthy people between the ages of (15-60) years, as was studied by age and gender. Sixty patients and thirty normal healthy control persons participated in this study. The results were discussed in terms of: i- Thyroid disorder; (hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism), ii- sex (male or female) and iii- ages (15-30, 31-45 or 46-60 years). The results of this work as discussed indicate, the role of the trace elements in many metabolic processes either as essential nutrients or as cofactors for different enzymes contributed directly or indirectly to the hypothyroidism. Consequently, the results suggest that the metabolism of iron, copper and zinc is abnormal in hyperthyroidism disease.