Morphological characters of fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) associated with Ficus nitida (Moraceae) in Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt.
Rawheia H. RamadanMona F. Abd-El Aziz and Sara S. El Ghandour
Pollinator and non-pollinator fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) and its host Ficus nitida have a specific mutualism relationship. F. nitida is an Asian fig tree belonging to the cultivated Moraceae family in Egypt and many countries. In this study, we focused on morphological characters and descriptions of the pollinator and non-pollinator fig wasps associated with fig tree F. nitida from three cities in Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt. This work was carried out from September 2013 to August 2016. We recorded two main species of pollinator fig wasps associated with F. nitida, Eupristina verticillata Waterston and Eupristina spp. (Agaonidae). In addition, non-pollinators Philotrypesis spp, Odontofroggatia spp, Micranisa spp. and Walkerella spp were also recorded in this survey. Morphological characters were illustrated by photographs scanned using Electron microscope (SEM) and high power light microscope.